Skip to main content
Version: 1.9.0

Create a custom service

As described in the Service reference page, Epinio services are nothing but descriptions of Helm charts. An operator may add more services by simply creating a Custom Resource in the namespace where Epinio is installed.

As a starting point, you can check the services installed by default for Epinio:

$ kubectl get -A

If Epinio is installed in a namespace called epinio, the following command outputs the Service definition in yaml format:

$ kubectl get -n epinio mysql-dev -o yaml > service.yaml

or you can find the definition of the catalog services here.

Change the fields to point to the desired helm chart and apply the yaml with a command like:

$ kubectl apply -f service.yaml

If everything worked correctly, you can see your Service in the Epinio service-catalog:

$ epinio service catalog

Adding an Image to the service

The various consumers of the API (e.g. the web UI of Epinio) can show an icon when listing the various available services. If you want to assign an image to your custom service, make sure you add the serviceIcon field in the Custom Resource yaml.

Generally, helm charts have an icon field defined which already provides such an image. You can find the icon field with the helm show command. E.g. for the bitnami rabbitmq helm chart:

helm show chart | yq .icon

Multiple Secret types

By default Epinio will look for Opaque secret types to label them as Configurations.
Sometimes this is not enough, so you can define different types with the annotation:

kind: Service
name: myservice
namespace: epinio
annotations: Opaque,BasicAuth,

With this definition, Epinio will get all the Opaque, BasicAuth, and secrets generated during the creation of this Service (any type of secret can be listed).


Services can be customized in two possible ways. The first, system settings, is for operators to configure the referenced chart so that it will actually work within the epinio environment. The second, user settings, declares the settings of the chart the user is allowed to tweak when deploying the service from the catalog.

Given that system settings are considered to be needed they have priority over user settings. In other words, declaring a field used by the system settings as user-settable will in the end be a no operation. While the user can see that setting, and provide values, these values will be ignored in favor of the system values.

System settings

The system settings are entered through the spec.values field of the service declaration.

kind: Service
name: myservice
values: |-
... text ...

The value of this field is text, albeit YAML formatted text.

As an example, the predefined development services coming with an Epinio installation use this to set the extraDeploy field of the bitnami charts to inject supporting service accounts, roles, bindings, and PVCs for the service to use.

User-settable configuration values

The user settings are declared through the spec.settings field of the service declaration.

kind: Service
name: myservice
type: "bool"
type: "string"

The example settings shown above are taking from the nginx service used in the epinio testsuite.


The syntax of the settings map is the same as the settings map used to customize app chart resources. See section User-settable configuration values in the how to for Creating Custom Application Helm Charts

Because of this the full specification is not repeated here.


There are semantic differences between the app chart and service declarations.

For app charts the keys are simple strings for the userConfig map. They do not allow nesting.

For service charts the keys are proper paths into the set of fields exposed by the chart through its values.yaml file. Nesting is expressed using dots (.). As example see ingress.enabled above.